Sunday, December 23, 2012

Hilde Zadek

Renowned opera singer Hilde Zadek in Vienna going strong at 95
POSTED: 12/23/2012 12:01:00 AM MSTBy George Jahn
The Associated Press

95 year-old soprano Hilde Zadek delivers a speech after being awarded with the Great Medal of Honor of the Austrian Republic, at the parliament in Vienna, Austria. (Provided by Jacqueline Godany, Austrian Parliament)
VIENNA — It was 1947 in post-war Vienna, and Hilde Zadek remembers taking a deep breath behind the curtain. A rookie on her first opera gig, she was about to sing the prestigious role of Aida for an audience full of particularly harsh critics — whistle-packing Nazis she says were determined to show "that Jew from Palestine" she was not welcome at one of the world's greatest opera houses.

But their whistles stayed silent as Zadek celebrated her first on-stage triumph.

"At the end even they applauded and were my fans," recalls the 95-year diva with a chuckle, as she recounts a life of improbable turns from the time she fled Nazi Germany to that first performance in Vienna that launched the former shoe sales

Soprano Hilde Zadek, shown in a 1947 photo, in the role of Leonore in Ludwig van Beethoven's opera "Fidelio" at the state opera in Vienna. That year launched her opera career. (Provided by Hilde Zadek)
clerk's stellar opera career.
Sixty-five years later, Vienna has morphed from what she calls a post-war "nest of Nazis" replete with die-hard Hitler supporters into a city that has worked to reckon with its past. Austria's capital has compensated thousands of relatives of Holocaust victims and frequently honors their memory. After decades of denial, Vienna's municipal government now freely recognizes that the city — and the nation — were Hitler's eager accomplices.

As for Zadek, the city she once despised as part of Hitler's evil empire has long become a home she says she would never leave — and one that is proud to call her its own. She has been showered with medals, granted high honorary titles, and a singer's competition named after her 13 years ago has turned into an international launching pad for future opera stars.

"I live the life," she exults, eyes twinkling behind rimless glasses as she serves coffee in her high-ceilinged apartment in Vienna's tony 19th district. "I don't feel a trace of anti-Semitism. And I have long forgiven — Vienna was a wonderful audience from the first moment on."

With even Viennese Nazi sympathizers charmed by that first performance, Zadek was unstoppable. By the time she stopped singing and turned to teaching in 1971, the spunky soprano was one of the world's leading divas, with 60 roles under her belt and thousands of appearances at the world's greatest opera houses. She still teaches today, equating voice coaching with a personal mission to pass on what she knows to a new generation.

"If I had to give an accounting of myself up above and were asked 'what have you achieved,' then I would say, 'I have trained good voice teachers,' " she says.

The way to Vienna and operatic stardom was perilous.

It began in 1934 in Poznan. Now Polish, the city was then part of Germany, and like other German communities it was gripped by growing anti-Semitism that made life more and more intolerable for Jews.

One day, it all came to a head: "I knocked out a few front teeth of a schoolmate after she said 'it stinks like Jews here,' " she said. "From that second on I had to leave Germany or I would have been jailed."

Zadek initially fled to Berlin; then a year later, at age 17, to what was then Palestine.

Her father's four-story shoe emporium was destroyed in 1938 as Nazis rampaged, thrashing and torching Jewish businesses in what became known as "Kristallnacht" — the "Night of Broken Glass." Her father was sent to a concentration camp shortly afterward.

Jews could still leave if they had elsewhere to go, and Zadek got her family visas for Palestine after her father was released. He opened a small shoe store, and she left the hospital to work for him. At night she studied voice — she had wanted to sing opera from childhood, but she said "nothing sang in me" from the time she fled Germany until that joyful family reunion.

"Then everything in me started singing again."

Her teachers were Austria's and Germany's best — renowned Jewish voice coaches who fled to Palestine. At the same time, there were few prospects. There was no opera house — and Zadek says that in British-ruled Palestine, singing in German, the language of much of the world's greatest operas, was prohibited.

Once the war was over, the young singer was accepted at the Zurich Conservatory. In Switzerland, she worked as an au pair, studied voice — and through a chance acquaintanceship suddenly found herself singing for Vienna state opera director Franz Salmhofer, who invited her to come to a city still closely identified with the Nazis.

"I would have returned to Berlin as well, because I had only one goal; to become an opera singer," she said. "At the same time, I went through unbelievable emotional turmoil, not only because of my own doubts but because of what my family and friends in Palestine said. I was bad-mouthed from top to bottom for entering this 'nest of Nazis.' "

Looking back, she sees that her return was more than just about singing opera.

"These young people aged 17, 18, who grew up under Hitler, had never seen a Jew in their lives! And then suddenly this young and good-looking woman comes onto the stage and then proceeds to sing beautifully and they ask 'this is a Jew?' "

"Forget the old Nazis," she said. "But I hope I was able at least to change the image ... for the youth."

The next day, she signed a contract with the Vienna opera that ended only when she stopped singing more than 20 years later. Top engagements followed at the Met in New York, London's Covent Garden and opera houses and festivals in Rome, Paris, Munich, Salzburg, Edinburgh and elsewhere, keeping her performing 12 months of the year — and establishing her as one of her era's top divas.

As she progressed, so did Austria — to a country that is proud to call her its own. "Today? I am never attacked," she says. "I am overwhelmed with honors."

Read more: Renowned opera singer Hilde Zadek in Vienna going strong at 95 - The Denver Post
Read The Denver Post's Terms of Use of its content:

No comments: